Almonds can be sweet or bitter, whatever your preference, with our help you could learn how to grow your very own tree!
Almond trees require dry and hot climatic conditions to grow successfully. The harvest is versatile and full of fibrous nutrition. Read along and learn how to grow almonds. The planting and growth requirements can be a little tricky to manoeuvre. However, with some care instructions, you can master the sensitive plants to produce delicious almonds.
Almonds have a long growing season and require cold temperatures to develop the flowers and nuts in a season. As such, the trees do not adapt well to tropical climates due to this reason. Moreover, the trees don’t do so well in wet soils and frosty climates. The trees also require an ample amount of sunlight after being planted into the soil.
How to Plant Almond Trees
When you grow almonds at home, consider the plantation to be very important. They have to be planted at least 4-6 meters apart from each to have enough space to expand and grow. Ensure the plant’s roots are wet before planting and place it straight in the hole. Pour plenty of water after planting for the roots to settle into the soil.
One quick lesson on how to grow almonds at home is to use grafted almond trees. These trees are more productive and disease-free with their specifically designed trunk.
If you plant to grow almonds from seeds, keep in mind that it will take longer than the method of grafting and planting. You can sprout the almond seeds in 4-5 weeks and then plant them into the soil. The moisture content in the soil should be thoroughly maintained when the seed is growing into a plant.
How To Care For Almond Trees
Growing almonds at home should include practices like pruning the almond tree in all growth stages. This helps in determining the good health of the tree to produce a large harvest. The trees are usually pruned into a vase shape with 3-4 branches for easy harvesting. This ensures the tree is healthy for a long time and is more productive.
While growing almonds, make sure the soil is loamy and well-drained for water and air to reach the roots. The drainage system of the soil should be well designed to prevent the water from stagnating. You can also channel a drip irrigation system to provide just the right amount of water to the almond trunks.
How To Harvest Almonds
Harvesting after learning how to grow almonds is a cakewalk. The trees can be shaken hardly for the almonds to fall off from them. These almonds are in the hard shell, so there will be no damage to the nuts, even with this robust method. You can gather these nuts from the ground or place a sheet on the ground beforehand to make gathering easy.
Tips & Common Problems
Be prepared to encounter disease and pests when learning how to grow almonds. Almonds are susceptible to diseases like Verticillium wilt that is caused by a damaging fungus. This can result in hull rot, and one way to prevent it is to avoid too much irrigation.
You can also use disease-resistant varieties while planting. The issues of mites like brown and red can be combatted with herbal insecticide. You can also oil spray the trees in the dormant period to prevent such afflictions.