Brazil nuts are a good source of healthy fats and fibre, you could give it a shot and grow your own with this handy guide! Start today!
Brazil nuts are edible seeds grown from the Brazil nut trees and provide a good source of nutrients. These hard-shelled seeds are mostly collected from trees in the Amazon rainforest.
Brazil nuts are known for being the richest food source of selenium. They should be eaten raw or blanched with their smooth and buttery texture.
Brazil nuts provide many other thing such as neuroprotective benefits (good for the brain), regulating your thyroid gland, reducing inflammation, and improving your immunity.
How To Plant Brazil Nuts
The process of growing brazil nuts requires a similar environment to the rainforest. Get a raw brazil nut from online specialty nurseries or directly from trees in the rainforest if you live in South America.
You need to soak the seeds for germination and sprouting. Make sure you pour out the water and rinse the seeds. After sprouting, remove the outer husk of the nut carefully.
Now, fill two-thirds of a large jar with nutrient-rich potting soil. Once you have planted the sprout, cover the jar with the help of cheesecloth and a rubber band.
Next, plant a seed entirely in the soil deep enough and water moderately. Place the jar in a warm area with low or indirect sunlight. Move the jar to a sunny location, once the seed has shown signs of germination.
How To Care For Brazil Nut Trees
When the seedling is 6-12 inches tall, plant it in an area with full sun, well-draining soil and high humidity with warm tropical temperatures. So, perhaps invest in a greenhouse if you’re not in this kind of climate.
Although Brazil nut trees need a balanced fertilizer, they require lots of nitrogen. Look for a granular fertilizer with a 20-10-10 mix.
Prune for shape after two years, but the trees grow huge and will be impossible to prune after a few years.
How To Harvest Brazil Nuts
It takes a good amount of time and patience for the development of Brazil nuts. as the trees take 15 months to develop after the flowers are pollinated.
The fruits of Brazil nut trees are big seed pods, coconut-like shells, and generally weigh around 5 pounds each. The fruits start to fall in the rainy season (between December and March), and you should let them drop naturally from the trees.
However, the next step in the process is to collect all the nuts from the floor and break open the hard outer shell. You will get around 18 to 20 nuts inside each brazil nut pod. These nuts also have their hard shells, make sure you smash them before eating. You can break the shells easily by boiling, baking, or freezing them.
If you got this far you deserve to use these fresh nuts in some amazingly creative recipes, so go for some of these!
Tips & Common Problems
We have discussed how Brazil nuts grow from seed, but there are many other essential things to be considered while growing Brazil nuts. Growing brazil nuts specifically requires rainforest-like conditions along with well-drained soil and high humidity with warm tropical temperatures.
Brazil nuts also require specific conditions for pollination. Brazil nut trees cannot withstand freezing temperatures and will not survive them. Ensure you protect your trees by wrapping them with blankets and insulating the ground with a high quality mulch.
While they may be fussy when growing with lots of humidity and temperature needs, the good news is that Brazil nut trees don’t have a lot of pests to worry about.