Cashews have a mild flavour and creamy, rich texture, so we don’t need to convince you to try and grow some of these in your own back garden!
Cashew is one of the most prominent sources of protein and minerals one can get. And due to its abundant availability, cashews can be found in almost any household today. These small nuts are brimming with good-carbs and fibre, which makes them insanely good for their size.
Cashews are considered good for patients suffering from any type of cardiovascular disease. These nuts are usually consumed raw, but they are widely used in baking, cooking, and fast foods. But little do you know that industrially grown cashews contain anacardic acid that can seriously damage our respiration system.
However, if you plan to grow cashews in your garden to enjoy that natural goodness, you are at the right place. Through our years of experience, we have prepared a whole cashew growing guide for you.
How To Plant Cashew Trees
Cashews are relatively straightforward to plant. Spot a piece of soil, which is sandy as it can sustain any kind of waterlogging in the later stages. Sandy or loamy soils also doesn’t work well for cashew trees.
You have to use cashew seeds to start the planting process because growing cashews from cashews are not possible as natural cashews are not made for growing trees as their protective have removed. Then, plant the cashew at least 10cm beneath the surface and cover the top with soil, compost, and mulch. Make sure that the cashew seeds are planted at least 30ft away from other cashew trees or plants.
For the initial one year, try protecting the plant from any kind of partial shade as it severely damages the cashews’ growth pattern. Also, the stem of a cashew plant is quite viable, so ensure the planting area doesn’t receive many windfalls or thunderstorm effects.
How To Care For Cashew Trees
The watering cycle should be limited to once-a-week for the initial year. This is to ensure that muddy soil wouldn’t disturb the growth of roots. During the winter season, try not to water the plant as it can lead to root eruption.
Fertilizing the tree once or twice in a year would be more than enough. Also, if you see dark-brown spots on the tree’s trunk during the developmental phase, it is a common zinc deficiency. Fertilize the base of the tree with zinc and phosphorus to get rid of it.
As we mentioned, the early-branch of a cashew tree is very tender, and to provide the support, you can add two equal stakes in a trellis formation. Pruning is also beneficial, as it will help the plant to get rid of any dead-leaves or dual branches.
How To Harvest Cashews
Cashew tree yields their first fruit in nearly two to three years after the planting. When the fruits turn plush red with dark brown shell, it means that they have fully matured and are ready to harvest.
Pluck out the fruits carefully and store them in a dry place. Then pull out the heart-shaped shell that is attached to the upper end. Now collect these shells and roast them on a pan covered with fine sand. This is done because the nuts inside the shell are highly acidic, and the oil will help to burn the acid.
Once the shells are colled down, crack them open, and you will receive your final product. However, you may want to roast them again in coconut oil to get rid of any residue of toxic elements on the cashew.