If you’ve ever wanted to learn how to grow, care for and harvest your own Jalapeno peppers, then follow our handy guide!
The Jalapeno pepper belongs to hot pepper species like cayenne and cherry. These peppers are harvested before the full ripening stage for their distinct flavour, and you can use them for pickles, toppings, and salads. The jalapeno pepper plants grow well in fertile soil, ample sunlight, and plenty of water. Here’s some more information on how to grow jalapeno pepper.
Jalapenos range between 2,500 and 10,000 Scoville units, which measure them moderately spicy. However, some varieties may be higher on the scale and cause some heat while eating. Jalapeno peppers are rich in nutrients; including fibre, potassium, copper, iron, and Vitamins like A, C, K, and B. Thus, they are a great addition to the diet in terms of flavour and nutrition.
How To Plant Jalapeno Peppers
When you are growing jalapeno from seeds, make sure the soil is loamy and rich in organic matters. The location should get enough sun for the plants to thrive and grow. Make sure the temperature conditions are 65-80F to grow jalapeno peppers. The pepper seed may fail to germinate if the temperature is lower.
It may be counterproductive for growth with the rise in temperature up to 90 F for peppers. This makes the plants too critical for specific temperatures. You can wait for the temperature to be right or use lamps to create the ideal warmth. Note that the hotter temperature will lead to more hotness and flavour in the peppers.
When growing jalapeno peppers in containers, choose 3-5 gallon posts for abundant growth. Learning how to grow jalapeno peppers can be tricky, and the seeds may take up to five weeks to germinate indoors. You can sow 2-3 seeds together in the pots. Make sure there is enough aeration in the soil to avoid any fungus growth.
How To Care For Jalapeno Peppers
One of the major tips for growing jalapeno peppers is to concentrate on fertilization in the early stages of growth. You should make sure to fertilize the soil once every week and the addition of organic materials. See that there is enough drainage with at least an inch of weekly water. Avoid any water logging to prevent jalapeno plants from dying.
Another important thing from this jalapeno peppers planting guide is to plant the peppers as far as possible from the potatoes to prevent the bugs. Other common pests are aphids, flea beetles, worms, and weevil.
You can use a mix of oil and dishwashing liquid to discourage insects’ movement on the plants. Spraying neem oil can also help in preventing these insects from damaging the plants. Please avoid using any harmful chemicals as they are not good for health.
How To Harvest Jalapeno Peppers
After you have learned how to grow jalapeno peppers, they will be ready to harvest once their flesh is firm. You can pick them from the vine when they appear one colour and about 3 inches in length. Make sure to pick them before they change their colour. You can store the harvested jalapeno peppers below 45 F for up to 3-5 weeks.