Macadamia nuts have a subtle, butter-like flavour and creamy texture, they are hard to grow but with our guide you can always give it a go!
Macadamia nuts have been part of our society since the 12th century. Greek soldiers use to carry around these nuts in battle as they were an excellent source of energy and nutrients, and many Buddhists have been using Macadamia nuts as a staple in their diet.
Growing macadamia nuts, however, is an intricate task. You need to be very attentive throughout the process, which is quite a task because a typical macadamia tree takes around 12 to 15 years to grow.
Considering its extensive and long grow period, growing Macadamia nuts is not child’s play. But if you are wanting to challenge yourself with something new and fresh, then you should read on as we have got the growing guide to give you a head start.
How To Plant Macadamia Nuts
Macadamia nuts are planted when the spring nears in your area. It requires moist and fertile soil with at least 30 feet of space around it. Macadamia trees are considered ‘wild spreaders’ as their roots spread quickly and viciously, cutting over any other nearby plants.
These trees require a lot of sunlight throughout the year, and they will not bear any kind of shade. Make sure the trees’ position is so that it will not be disturbed by any nearby objects.
You should also ensure that are not over-watering the macadamia trees during the first year from planting, as the plant will be in a fertile state by then.
When you grow macadamia nuts in your garden, it can also be challenging for other plants and trees nearby because they tend to suck out all of the nutrients from the soil very quickly.
How To Care For Macadamia Nut Trees
Taking care of your macadamia tree is a long and enduring process. For the first two years, try to normalize your water cycles to once per week. As the tree grows in stature, adjust the watering cycle according to the soil’s moisture level near the trunk.
Apply compost and pesticides near the Macadamia tree’s roots to avoid any kind of pest-invasion and any nutrient deficiencies. Regular pruning sessions are also crucial for the overall healthy growth of the tree.
How To Harvest Macadamia Nuts
After 12 years, the tree should bear its very first fruit, well, nut. The shells would turn dark green when the harvesting period nears.
Also, this is a time when macadamia nuts are most under threat of getting decimated by squirrels and birds in a very short matter of time.
Handpick each nut and store your yield in a cold and dry place for a week. Then, popping open the shell, you should be left with big, round macadamia nuts.
Not sure what to do with your huge yield of nuts after 12 years? Luckily there are lots of things you can try out!
Tips & Common Problems
Macadamia nuts are loved by animals such as squirrels and birds. To protect your nuts from them, you can set up bird nets that cover the yields entirely. You can also use lethal methods but use these as last resort.
Some macadamia trees suffer from zinc deficiency when they are 6 to 10 years of age. They will start to shows signs of this such as dark brown spots and weak branches. Fertilisers containing zinc can be used periodically can be used to overcome this deficiency.