Peanuts contain a lot of protein and are the most popular nut in the world, use our step-by-step guide to have a go at growing your own!
Peanuts are a source of protein and are fun to munch on as snacks. They are full of fibre, minerals, and vitamins essential to the body. Moreover, peanuts make into a delicious spread in the form of peanut butter. How wonderful would it be if you can grab some from the growing peanuts indoors? Your evergrowing kitchen garden can be expanded without the thought of is growing peanuts hard. Learn how to grow peanuts in your own garden and manage the plants.
Researching about the plant and its varieties is necessary before attempting to grow it. One fun thing to consider is that peanut is a vegetable contrary to believing it to be a nut. They belong to the leguminous family like peas and beans. Usually, they need full sun to grow but can also be grown indoors. They take about four months to mature completely.
How To Plant Peanuts
While planting peanut plants, make sure that you pick a location that receives ample sun. The contemplation about how to grow peanuts at home can be resolved by planting them in months with good sun duration. You will need fresh raw peanuts in their shells and place them one-inch under the soil. If you are boggled about how to grow peanuts in a pot, you will need a 4-5 inch deep pot.
If you are planting peanuts outside, place the seeds at least 2-3 inches apart in well-drained loose soil. After the plant has flowered, push it below the surface up to 3 inches. These plants work best in 60-70 degrees with a warm atmosphere.
How To Take Care Of Peanut Plants
Now that you know how to grow peanuts learn how to care for them until maturation. If the soil at your hands is heavy in moisture, the seeds may not flourish. Peanut plants need loose soil to grow. They are leguminous, hence produce nitrogen without the need for an external supply. The plants only need an inch of water a week to reach maturity.
In the case of cooler climates, use a covering sheet to protect the plants from harsh weather. Growing peanuts indoors may require a heating lamp to keep the plants at an optimum temperature.
How To Harvest Peanuts
After 120 days, the peanut plant is ready for harvest when the leaves have turned yellow. As you know, the nut part of the plant is below the soil; you will have to dig it out with a spading fork. Avoid waiting too long as it may make the shells of the peanuts brittle and affect the insides.
Leave the harvest to dry in the sun for some time. Meanwhile, you can learn how to incorporate them into your recipes or make a batch of fresh peanut butter. You can consume it raw or bake it in the oven along with the shell.
Tips & Common Problems
Various diseases like fungi, root rot, and powdery mildew may affect the plants. So, watch out for any discolouration on the plant to avoid the whole harvest from wilting. Discolouration and holes on the leaves of the plan may signal pest activity.
Several Nematodes, leafhoppers, rootworms, and aphids may be responsible for this. Consider getting an organic spray to remove these. You may also DIY an insecticide with natural ingredients to safeguard your crops.