Pistachios are a great source of healthy fats, fiber and protein, use our step-by-step article to try and grow your own!
Growing pistachios is a rather long-term commitment, and it can also be tricky and endearing for young gardeners due to the complexity of the process.
Pistachios are also considered very alimental due to its rich composition of protein and good-fibre, leaving you feeling full and satisfied after consuming them.
Pistachios are also very beneficial as it helps in balancing the blood pressure levels in the body. These small nuts are loaded with calories and unsaturated fats, and you can consume them for a quick jolt of energy.
How To Plant Pistachios
You need raw pistachio seeds to initiate the planting process. Ideally, you need to get these seeds from a nursery that is close to the planting location. This is because the seed will already be adapted to the natural conditions of your area.
Mark a spot that gets a good level sun throughout the year with moist and fertile soil. Using a shovel, dig a 6 inch hole that is wide enough for the root ball to sit in. You also be better off choosing a cooler day for planting as pistachio seeds don’t fare well in high humidity.
Apply a layer of compost inside the hole to make a suitable atmosphere for your young pistachio seeds. Just make sure that the seed is placed facing upwards. Finally, Cover the hole with soil and mulch to complete the planting process.
How To Take Care Of Pistachio Trees
Learning how to grow pistachios is the only thing more tiresome than actually growing them, and you need to be attentive throughout this period to get good results. Firstly, you need to keep an eye on the soil, checking it regularly to assess moisture level, for diseases and other factors.
For the initial two years of your pistachio tree’s life, the land must be kept fertile and moist, otherwise your tree could be deficient and not produce to the best of it’s abilities later on.
The sapling is very weak and fragile at first, and it may require a trellis frame to support it for 6 months. Any kind of thunderstorm or wind can end up damaging the sapling, so add a layer of bird netting to provide a shelter-like atmosphere.
Applying fertilisers could do wonders for your young sapling. However, you don’t want to oversupply the pistachio tree with fertiliser, as this can weaken the root structure. Pruning also plays an essential role as pistachio trees have a lot of dead leaves, which remain stagnant on the branches.
How To Harvest Pistachios
After seven to eight years of hard work, the pistachio will finally be ready for harvesting. The shell of the pistachio will pop open, and that is the perfect time to shake these nuts off of the branches. You can spread a tarp under the tree and start the shaking.
You can store the pistachios in any dry and cold place, we recommend in jars, to safeguard them from any pest attacks until you get round to eating them.
If you now have too many pistachios to eat, I know, sounds impossible, why not try using some in these yummy looking recipes?
Tips & Common Problems
Pistachio trees do well in all soil types but really thrive in relatively deep, light, dry and sandy loam soils, with high calcium carbonate (CaCO3) concentration
Pistachio trees should be planted about 20 feet apart. Any less than this and overcrowding and the mutual shadowing of trees will decrease the quantity and quality of production.
It takes time and patience to grow pistachios, you must understand this going into it. You won’t see your first pistachio until about year 5. It will take about 7 – 8 years before you will receive a good yield of pistachios and 15 – 20 years to reach peak production.
A lot of pests (Citrus Flat Mites, Cotton Aphids, Darkling Beetles, False Chinch Bugs, Leaffooted Bugs, Mealybugs, Navel Orangeworms) enjoy pistachio trees so constant vigilance and management of these pests will be essential in your long journey.