If you’ve ever wanted to learn how to grow, care for and harvest your own spinach, then follow our handy guide!
Spinach is known for its dark-coloured spanning leaves with a crispy texture. This green leafy superfood is versatile to use in many recipes to enhance the nutritional content. The health contents of spinach can be more beneficial if you pick it right from your backyard. If you are wondering how to grow spinach, your backyard soil needs to be at a pH of 7.0.
Note that spinach is grown in loamy soils along with manure and a heavy dose of fertilizers.
You can grow spinach at home by picking the right variety and raising the soil beds using compost and fertilizers. The compost can be store-bought, or you can dig a compost hole in your backyard to make some batches. Since the leaves expand as they grow, it can be a pit tricky growing spinach in pots. But, you can use small pots for quick germination and propagate them to the prepared soil.
How To Plant Spinach
Spinach plants can withstand cold climates and a sheet of ice without wilting. Depending upon your area, plant the spinach seeds around eight weeks before the frost date. If you want to harvest spinach in fall, consider planting in late summers. For a spring harvest, sow the spinach seeds in the fall time and wait for the spinach to flower.
You can repeat the sowing process every three weeks in summers as they grow rapidly compared to the winters. Although, you can grow spinach for a year-round harvest. If you are always concerned about how to grow spinach from seeds, you may rather pick some baby plants from local nurseries.
How To Care For Spinach Plants
When planting spinach, make sure that there is enough spacing between each seed or baby plant. This will prevent the leaves from growing too short. The spinach leaves grow out to be huge in layers, hence require ample spacing and water channels. There should be a crafted drainage system as well so that there is no waterlogging. The addition of ammonium sulfate per foot can be beneficial for plant growth.
If your soil is fertile and right for spinach, you will have an excellent yield all year. Spinach gets its nutritional contents from fertilizers like nitrogen and organic manure. This will make the plants grow with healthy leaves. After your spinach has flowered, spinach plant care includes protection from harsh rains and snow depending upon when you plant it. Keep watering it well in the summers religiously. Watering the right amount and adding sufficient manure will help you master how to grow spinach.
How To Harvest Spinach
Now, that you have notes on how to grow spinach at home, learn how to harvest the leaves. After eight weeks, your spinach will be ready to harvest. When you see the spinach bolting, know that it’s time to harvest. You can cut the required amount of leaves from the plant or harvest it from the stem. This freshly harvested spinach can be used in salads, stews, pasta, and rice.
Tips & Common Problems
Fortunately, spinach flourishes well in cold weather, and that keeps the pest activity at minimal. Although, you may occasionally need to protect your plants from slugs, caterpillars, and leafminer larvae. They tunnel into the leaves and result in tan patches all over them. Also, look out if your spinach leaves are going yellow.
This may be the case of aphids virus or Downy mildew. You can use planting resistant cultivators in this situation. Moreover, a spray of high-pressure water will also help knock the bugs off. You can also pick an organic biological worm spray that has natural ingredients to protect the plants.
Some common diseases can trouble the spinach plants like white rust, blue mould, and fusarium. In these conditions, discard the infected leaves to save the rest of the harvest.